Running Symfony Standard on Digital Ocean

16 December 2014

Here you will find the explanation how to run Symfony Standard app Digital Ocean.

1. Background

Once you start using Symfony framework sooner or later you will need to publish your work. Digital Ocean is a perfect hosting solution. In this tutorial I will show you how to run generic Symfony Standard on Digital Ocean.

The assumption is that you How to use SSH keys to access Digital Ocean droplet already.

2. Create a new droplet

Log in to you Digital Ocean account, press Create button and select the droplet LAMP on Ubuntu 14.04.

3. Check ssh access

Verify that your ssh key was configured correctly. Run the command:

$ ssh DigitalOcean

It should start ssh session to your newly created droplet.

4. Install missing software

The default droplet configuration misses the following software that we will need:

To install it, run the following commands (they all should be executed inside ssh session to your droplet):

$ apt-get update -y

$ apt-get install git -y
$ apt-get install php5-curl -y
$ a2enmod rewrite

$ cd
$ curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php
$ mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

5. Clone Symfony Standard

Using ssh session to your droplet clone the Symfony Standard distribution to /apps/my-new-app directory:

$ mkdir /apps
$ cd /apps
$ mkdir my-new-app
$ cd my-new-app
$ git clone https://github.com/symfony/symfony-standard.git .

I will use the default application included in v2.3.23 distribution. This is a single webpage with the message Homepage.

Run the command:

$ git checkout -b the-app v2.3.23

You will have a branch named the-app with the Symfony Standard v2.3.23.

Now we need to install dependencies.

6. Install dependencies

The commands shown below should also be executed inside your droplet’s ssh console:

$ cd /apps/my-new-app
$ composer install

You will be asked a couple of questions:

database_driver (pdo_mysql):
database_host (127.0.0.1):
database_port (null):
database_name (symfony):
database_user (root):
database_password (null):
mailer_transport (smtp):
mailer_host (127.0.0.1):
mailer_user (null):
mailer_password (null):
locale (en):
secret (ThisTokenIsNotSoSecretChangeIt):

Use default values for all of them. Just press enter as many times as you are asked anything.

Now we can publish the project. To do this we need to change file ownership and reconfigure Apache.

7. Change the owner

Change the owner of all files stored within /apps directory to Apache user (e.g. www-data):

$ chown -R www-data:www-data /apps

8. Reconfigure Apache’s public html dir

By default, Apache publishes the contents of /var/www/html directory. We will replace it with a symbolic link to our project.

Remove /var/www/html directory:

$ rm -rf /var/www/html

Create a new symbolic link:

$ ln -s /apps/my-new-app/web /var/www/html

9. Reconfigure Apache

Edit the file /etc/apache2/apache2.conf:

$ vi /etc/apache2/apache2.conf

and replace:

<Directory /var/www/>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None          <=== this is to be changed
        Require all granted
</Directory>

with:

<Directory /var/www/>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride All          <=== new valued here
        Require all granted
</Directory>

The above change turns on .htaccess files in /var/www directory and its subdirectories.

10. Restart the Apache

Run either of the two commands:

$ /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

$ service apache2 restart

11. Visit your app

Start your browser and visit:

http://178.62.114.201

You should see:

Homepage.

The IP comes from your droplet configuration.

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